It is estimated that employee stress costs US companies between $200-300 billion annually.
Between the direct and indirect costs including healthcare, compensation claims, absenteeism, turnover, and reduced productivity, it all adds up.
A recent large-scale analysis crunched the combined numbers from 79 research studies spanning several decades.
With all this data, they identified 7 sources of workplace stress that are significantly related to negative physical health symptoms.
Here we count them down by strength of relationship, from the weakest to strongest:
5. Number 5 is a tie between Work Hours (total # of hours spent working) and Lack of Control (the inability to determine how or when job tasks are performed).
4. Role Ambiguity: Number 4 is ambiguity about job role and responsibilities—specifically when expectations, standards, tasks, duties, or other responsibilities are not clearly established.
3. Number 3 is a tie between Interpersonal Conflict (negative workplace interactions such as disagreements, arguments, or bullying) and Workload (the amount of work required of an employee, factoring both physical and mental effort)
2. Role Conflict: The second strongest factor is ambiguity about job role and responsibilities—specifically when inconsistent or conflicting role information is given by one or more customer, coworker, manager/supervisor.
1. Organizational Constraints: The factor most strongly related to negative health symptoms are the things that prevent employees from completing tasks and performing their job effectively. These can include a lack of necessary information, tools, time, materials, or authority.